The word itself is a paragraph if not a book. The
word evokes images of the colossal, the massive, that which is larger than life,
something of enormous proportions. Indeed the builders of the great ocean liner,
the Titanic had just such prodigious thoughts in mind. The Titanic was the most
enormous ship ever built, a staggering 46,329 tons. It accommodated over two
thousand passengers. Its publicists advertised its durability with haughtiness
befitting the size of the ship, as they bragged that it was “the ship that even
G-d couldn’t sink”
The world would soon know different. A hundred
thousand people came to Belfast, Ireland, on April 3, 1912, to see the Titanic
embark on its maiden voyage, and within days, millions the world over knew of
the calamity that would become a legend in world history. Stories abound about
the heroism, sacrifice, and misfortune that occurred that night, as the Titanic
sank after crashing into a twin peaked iceberg on the open seas of the North
Atlantic. I had never heard of a ‘Jewish story’ regarding the Titanic, thus when
Mrs. Alyssa Hershkop in Beit Shemesh, Israel, insisted that she had a “great
Jewish story” about the Titanic, I was skeptical.
However, research and interviews with descendants of the passengers on that
voyage proved she was right. A remarkable episode with Jewish overtones did
indeed transpire on that fateful trip. The emotion roused by this story is truly
- yes – of titanic proportions.
I am grateful to Mr. and Mrs. Gilbert and
Roberta Binder and Mrs. Marie Aks of Virginia Beach, Virginia, for providing
recordings and personal information about this story.
In 1910, Mr. Sam Aks of Turek, Poland, immigrated to England where he married
the former Leah Rosen. They lived in London for a while after their wedding, and
they decided to move to America where there were better business opportunities.
They settled on moving to Norfolk, Virginia.
By this time Leah was expecting their first child and her parents felt strongly
that in her condition she should not make such an arduous trip across the ocean.
They felt it would be too exhausting for her and dangerous for the unborn child.
It was decided that Sam would travel alone, set up a home in Norfolk and a few
months after the child was born, Leah would come with the infant.
The newspapers and media at the time were ablaze with the news of the opulent,
gigantic ocean liner, the Titanic, that was to make its historic maiden voyage
from Southampton, England to New York City, in April of 1912. The White Star
Line, the Flagship Company of the Titanic, confidently claimed that their luxury
liner was safe, sturdy and even majestic.
On April 10, Mrs. Leah Aks and her baby, with 912
other passengers, boarded the ship in Southampton, England, accompanied by
hoopla, fanfare and ceremony. Leah and her infant were in steerage, the third
class cabin, with many other immigrants to America. The high society wealthy
people were in the luxurious first class cabins. More passengers boarded at
other ports before the Titanic crossed the ocean.
Four days later, shortly before midnight on April 14, as the ship was
ninety-five miles south of the Grand Banks in Newfoundland, it sideswiped and
crashed into an iceberg that towered a hundred feet over the deck. [Ninety
percent of an iceberg is hidden beneath the water. Thus the iceberg was
literally a mountain of ice close to a thousand feet from top to bottom.
Its massive knife-like edges beneath the water surface punctured and gashed the
ship along 250 feet of its hull]. Twenty minutes later, after consulting with
the ship’s designer, Thomas Andrews, Captain Edward Smith realized that the ship
would sink within two hours. Everyone on board would lose their lives unless
they could get on lifeboats and be rescued by passing ships.
Incredibly there were not enough spaces in the lifeboats for everyone. Though
there were 2200 passengers and crew on board, there was room for only 1178 on
the lifeboats. More than a thousand people would surely die! One is astounded at
the negligence of not being prepared for disaster. As the boat began tilting
there was panic and pandemonium. The captain and crew ordered that women and
children would be saved first.
In the third class cabin, women were ordered to the front and men to the rear.
Leah Aks held her son Frank Philip (Ephraim Fishel), in her arms and tried to
get out onto the deck, but the gate in front of the cabin jammed and no one
could get out. She stood pressed against the gate, screaming for help. A sailor
saw her with her baby in her arms and he reached over the gate and lifted her
and the child out, so that she could run to the deck where women and children
were being put into lifeboats. (Most of the people in the third class cabin
could not get out and 75% of them drowned. The first class cabin fared better,
as only 40% died).
Leah ran up to the deck with her child and waited by the railing, trying to get
on line to be rescued. It was frighteningly cold. People were shoving and
pushing frantically trying to get onto lifeboats. Meanwhile down below, water
poured thunderously through the gaping holes, flooding the bottom of the ship.
As Leah stood on the deck, one if the wealthiest women on board, Lady Madeleine
Astor, saw her and the baby huddled against the cold. Lady Astor, who was
expecting a child, removed her beautiful eight-foot shawl and gave it to Leah
saying, “Here wrap your baby, it’s so cold out here.” Her teeth chattering, Leah
thanked her profusely.
During this time, a man had pushed onto a lifeboat that was about to be lowered
into the water. When cabin stewards saw him, they forced him out of the boat and
pulled him back on deck, yelling that women and children were being rescued
first. Somehow this man managed to get onto another lifeboat and once again the
stewards saw him and forced him off the lifeboat, fighting with him, as they
insisted that women and children were being given priority.
Back on the deck, the man saw Leah standing there with her baby now wrapped in
the shawl. He was enraged. His eyes were wild as he stalked back and forth
consumed by anger and frustration. In a demented moment of madness he ran
towards Leah and screamed, “You think women are first! You think children are
first! I’ll show you,” and he grabbed the infant from Leah’s arms and threw him
Leah shrieked in horror and cried out for her child. Men on board lunged at this
maniac but the deed had been done. People were yelling and screaming – but now
it was Leah’s turn to get on a lifeboat. “I won’t go without my baby,” she
cried. But the officers told her she had to save her own life. There was no
point in staying on the sinking ship. The women around her tried to console her,
but Leah cried hysterically as she was placed on the lifeboat and lowered into
The lifeboats drifted for three hours until the Cunard liner, the Carpathia,
came and rescued those who were fortunate enough to get off the Titanic. Only
705 were saved, 1523 people died.
Two days later, the grief-stricken Leah Aks was walking on the deck of the
Carpathia when she saw a woman holding a child. The child lunged towards Leah.
She recognized him. Leah screamed, “That’s my baby! That’s my child!”
The woman holding the child, Mrs. Elizabeth Ramell Nye, was dressed in a long
black dress embroidered with a huge cross. “No it’s not,” she insisted. “This
child was entrusted to me!” (Others contend, the woman was possibly Aryene del
Carlo from Italy.)
wild argument ensued and Mrs. Nye claimed that while she was in the lifeboat, a
child came flying into her waiting arms. To her that was a sign from Heaven that
she had to care for the child the rest of her life.
People took sides in the argument. Soon the captain of the Carpathia, Arthur H.
Rostron, was called to decide the issue. Leah was crying hysterically while Mrs.
Nye was insisting her position. She would not be denied this child.
When Captain Rostron arrived and heard the points of the argument, he told both
women to come with the child to his quarters where he could reflect and decide
In the captain’s quarters, Leah suddenly called out, “I can prove this is my
child.” The eighteen year old Leah spoke firmly and with certainty, “I am
Jewish and my son was circumcised!” In Europe at that time, only Jewish children
When Captain Rostron saw that indeed the child had had a bris,
ten-month-old Ephraim Fishel was reunited with his mother. Eventually the
Carpathia brought all the survivors to New York.
Frank Philip Aks was raised in his rightful Jewish home. Eventually he married
and had children and grandchildren. Frank passed away in 1991 at the age of 80.
His wife, Marie, recently told me that as a youngster he would walk for miles on
Shabbos to daven in the Orthodox shul in Norfolk, known as the Cumberland
After the traumatic events of the ill-fated journey, Leah was so grateful to
Captain Rostron and his crew that years later when she had a daughter she named
her Sarah Carpathia Aks. Incredibly there was some confusion among the hospital
secretaries and they recorded her name on her birth certificate as Sarah Titanic
When I told this story to Rabbi Dovid Cohen of
Brooklyn, he showed me the following Midrash.
When Hashem told Avraham Avinu to
circumcise himself, Avrohom consulted with three of his friends and confidants,
Aner, Eshkol and Mamreh. Aner said, “You are [nearly] a hundred years old, will
you now risk your life by inflicting such pain to yourself? Eshkol said, “ Would
you dare [put such an indelible] mark on yourself [and thereby look obviously
different] from all your enemies? [That alone could be life threatening].”
Mamreh was the only one who encouraged Avrohom to have faith in Hashem and
follow His direction, (Bereishis Rabbah 42:8 and 44:7).
Said Reb Dovid, “Isn’t it remarkable, that the
mark that Eshkol thought would bring scorn on Avraham Avinu and even
endanger his life was just the mark that reunited this child with his mother and
saved him, so that he would be raised with his family as a Jewish child?